Black eye is caused by bruising to the eye, or area surrounding the eye. A number of underlying conditions like a broken nose, concussion, skull fracture, head injury, dengue fever, haemophilia, etc may be responsible for a black eye. If you consistently observe unexplained bruises on a person you know well, it may be a sign of domestic violence.
Black eye, or bruising around the eye, occurs when small blood vessels called capillaries break around the eye causing blood to leak into the surrounding tissues. This usually happens due to blunt force trauma to the head or face.
Stress can cause dark circles under the eyes, as blood is directed to other important organs, leaving the face drained. It can also cause more delicate capillaries to rupture and leak blood, resulting in dark circles around the eyes.
Keep the following tips in mind during black eye care:
Apply a cold compress for 20 minutes to heal a swollen black eye
After 20 minutes of rest, apply a warm compress to encourage reabsorption of blood
Use OTC pain relievers like acetaminophen (Tylenol) or ibuprofen (Motrin IB, Advil)
Apply arnica gel; arnica is a useful herbal black eye remedy
Supplements like vitamins C and K help reduce back eye healing time
A black eye shouldn't be serious and usually takes about 2 weeks to heal. However, if a black eye is the result of severe blunt force trauma (car accident, sports injury, fist fight, etc), and is accompanied by the following symptoms, get immediate medical assistance as it may be a concussion or facial fracture: Blood or clear fluid leaking from the ears or nose
Loss of vision
Loss of consciousness
Blood on the surface of the eyeball
Nausea and vomiting
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