Ailment Tinnitus

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FAQ's For Tinnitus


Although medication cannot cure tinnitus, they may help reduce the severity of complications.

Symptoms of tinnitus besides the tell-tale ringing ears include other phantom tinnitus sounds like buzzing, roaring, clicking, hissing and humming.

Common causes of tinnitus include age-related hearing loss, prolonged exposure to loud noise, earwax blockage, and changes in the ear bone.

Yes, tinnitus is a long-term condition and must be treated as such.

There is no way to immediately end the noise and discomfort, however there are many medications and therapy options available to make coping with the noise much easier.

Tinnitus is a condition of the ear which causes a perception of noise or ringing in the ears. It is a fairly common condition, affecting about 15-20% of people. Tinnitus can get worse with age but does not usually signal anything serious.
Symptoms of tinnitus besides the tell-tale ringing ears include other phantom tinnitus sounds like:

A number of health conditions can trigger tinnitus. The most common cause of tinnitus in damage to the inner ear hair cells, which are responsible for sending messages via electrical impulses to the brain through the auditory nerve. Bending or breaking of these hair cells causes leaking of random electrical impulses to the brain, resulting in tinnitus. Tinnitus causes include:
Age-related hearing loss
Prolonged exposure to loud noise
Earwax blockage
Changes in the ear bone

Complications arising from tinnitus include:
Sleep problems
Trouble with concentration
Memory problems
Increased irritability

Tinnitus diagnosis is done by hearing (audiological) exam, movement of eyes, jaw, neck, arms and legs to determine an underlying cause if the condition changes or worsens, or imaging tests like CT scan or MRI scan.

Tinnitus treatment often begins with addressing the underlying cause. Earwax removal procedures, changing medication and treating a blood vessel condition can all help in alleviating the problem. Besides this, tinnitus can be managed using noise suppression techniques such as the following:
• White noise machines- They play calming sounds of rain, ocean waves and other nature sounds to drown out the ringing. Using a dehumidifier, air conditioner or a fan can help as well.
• Hearing aids
• Masking devices- They play a gentle, low-level sound continuously to drown out the noise.
• Tinnitus retraining
• Medication like tricyclic antidepressants and alprazolam (Xanax)